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Freedom of Joburg for Mandela

first_img26 July 2004Five days after Nelson Mandela’s 86th birthday, Johannesburg gave its most famous resident the Freedom of the City at a ceremony at the Orlando East community hall in Soweto – used by Mandela for political meetings and for boxing training half a century ago.Friday’s event – which also celebrated a decade of democracy in South Africa – was to have taken place on 14 May, but was postponed to allow Mandela to fly to Zurich to be part of the SA 2010 bid team’s final presentation to Fifa ahead of the announcement of South Africa as the host country for the 2010 Football World Cup.Nelson Mandela was the third person to receive the city’s highest award. The first two recipients were also stalwarts of South Africa’s liberation struggle: Walter Sisulu, who received the award in 1997, and Beyers Naude, who received it in 2001.Mandela’s famous words, “The struggle is my life”, should not be taken lightly, the City Council said in a statement. “He has sacrificed his private life and his youth for his people, and remains South Africa’s best-loved personality.”Mandela, who turned 86 on 18 July, announced in June that he would be retiring from an active public life which continued unabated after he handed the country’s presidential reins over to Thabo Mbeki in 1999.Mandela’s spokesperson, Zelda le Grange, said Mandela was “very honoured by the award, as this has been his home since the 1940s.”Mandela the boxerThe Orlando East community hall was chosen for Friday’s award ceremony because of its historical ties to Mandela, who used to live in the area, and used the hall both for political meetings and for boxing training.Mandela was a keen boxer in his youth, and although he never took part in organised tournaments, he used to train at the hall, then known as the Donaldson Orlando Community Centre (DOCC). He joined the DOCC’s boxing club in the early 1950s, training there almost every weekday evening with his son, Thembekile.(The photo on the right shows Mandela sparring with the club’s star boxer of the time, Jerry Moloi. Drum photographer Bob Gosani took the photo on the rooftop of South African Associated Newspapers’ office in Johannesburg.)World heavyweight champion Lennox Lewis, in Johannesburg to fight Hasim Rahman in 2001, gets some pointers from Mandela. Lewis lost the Rahman bout, but won the return match the following year. (Photo: Irish-Boxing.com)In his autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom, Mandela writes: “I would go home directly after work, pick up Thembi, then drive to the community centre … We each took turns leading the training sessions in order to develop leadership, initiative and self-confidence.“Things would get a bit rough for me on the nights that my son was in charge, for he would single me out for criticism … When he saw me loafing, he would say in a stern voice, ‘Mister Mandela, you are wasting our time this evening. If you cannot keep up, why not go home and sit with the old women.’ Everyone enjoyed these jibes immensely, and it gave me pleasure to see my son so happy and confident.”Mandela writes that he was “never an outstanding boxer. I was in the heavyweight division, and I had neither enough power to compensate for my lack of speed nor enough speed to make up for my lack of power.“I did not enjoy the violence of boxing so much as the science of it. I was intrigued by how one moved one’s body to protect oneself, how one used a strategy both to attack and retreat, how one paced oneself over a match.“Boxing is egalitarian. In the ring, rank, age, colour, and wealth are irrelevant. When you are circling your opponent, probing his strengths and weaknesses, you are not thinking about his colour or social status.“I never did any real fighting after I entered politics. My main interest was in training; I found the rigorous exercise to be an excellent outlet for tension and stress. After a strenuous workout, I felt both mentally and physically lighter.“It was a way of losing myself in something that was not the struggle. After an evening’s workout I would wake up the next morning feeling strong and refreshed, ready to take up the fight again.”SouthAfrica.info reporterlast_img read more

Energy Return on Investment

first_imgFor the past few weeks, I’ve been writing about petroleum: what it is, the history of petroleum use, and what’s ahead for this ubiquitous energy source that, to a significant extent, defines our society. This week, I’ll cover a method of evaluating not only petroleum, but other energy sources as well: “energy return on investment.”Energy return on investment (EROI), sometimes referred to as “energy return on energy invested” or “net energy analysis,” is the energy cost of acquiring a particular energy resource. Mathematically, it is the ratio of the amount of usable energy acquired from a particular resource to the energy expended to acquire that energy.The higher the EROI, the more “profitable” the energy resource (from an energy standpoint). If the EROI drops below 1:1, it means that it takes more energy to produce the usable energy than is contained in the finished product.The significance of this sort of analysis becomes clear when we look at different energy sources through the lens of EROI. In a May-June 2009 article in American Scientist, professors Charles Hall of the State University of New York – Syracuse and John Day of Louisiana State University reported that in 1930 domestic oil production in the U.S. had an EROI of 100:1 (100 units of energy derived for each 1 unit of oil-equivalent expended to produce it).By 1970, with our deeper wells and greater energy expenditures for pumping and processing the oil, the EROI of domestic oil had fallen to 40:1. Today U.S. oil is produced at an EROI of about 14:1, according to Hall and Day. The EROI for Athabascan tar sands in Alberta, from which a million barrels per day of oil is now being produced, is just 6:1, according to Canadian petroleum geologist David Hughes (as quoted in the January 7, 2011 issue of The Walrus).Approximate EROI values for some other energy sources, according to Hall and Day, include coal 80:1, hydroelectric power 40:1, firewood 30:1, wind power 28:1, natural gas and nuclear power 18:1, and photovoltaics 8:1 (see chart from American Scientist).When we have to invest almost as much fossil fuel in an energy source as that energy source provides, we have to rethink the wisdom of investing in it. That’s the case with corn-ethanol today, which — depending on whose estimates you believe — has an EROI between 0.8:1 and 1.5:1. In other words, for every one unit of fossil fuel energy invested (growing corn and converting it into ethanol) you end up with between 0.8 and 1.5 units of ethanol produced [this sentence reflects correction from original wording — see comment below]; at the worst-case estimate, we invest more energy in producing ethanol than the finished product contains. This is why a lot of experts — not only environmentalists but also economists — are questioning the wisdom of spending billions of taxpayer money each year to prop up the corn-ethanol industry.There are situations in which investing in energy resources with very low EROI values can make sense — for example, if most of that energy investment is front-loaded and the subsequent operating energy requirements are relatively low. This is the case with solar water heating. It takes a lot of energy to produce copper absorber plates, piping, and other solar collector components — but most of those energy inputs are “upstream” (that is, they have already been expended by the time your solar water heating system is hooked up).It can make good economic sense for an individual — or a society — to invest in that energy producing system as long as the ongoing energy input is renewable (sunlight, wind, or wave power, for example) and as long as the system can be maintained and operated for a long time.As we debate our future energy choices and policies, energy return on investment should be an important part of the discussion. Such analysis gives us a “reality check” as we figure out where to put our energy investments — and which energy technologies our government should subsidize. Such an analysis would likely put a stop to the pork-barrel subsidies going into corn-derived ethanol.In addition to this Energy Solutions blog, Alex contributes to the weekly blog BuildingGreen’s Product of the Week, which profiles an interesting new green building product each week. You can sign up to receive notices of those blogs by e-mail — enter your e-mail address in the upper right corner of any BuildingGreen blog page.Alex is founder of BuildingGreen, Inc. and executive editor of Environmental Building News. To keep up with his latest articles and musings, you can sign up for his Twitter feed.last_img read more

Mann to take charge as AAP’s Punjab chief again

first_imgThe Aam Aadmi Party’s senior leader and Sangrur MP Bhagwant Mann will be reappointed as its Punjab unit chief on January 30. The event will be attended by Delhi Deputy Chief Minister and the party’s in-charge of Punjab affairs Manish Sisodia.The decision to reappoint Mr. Mann as AAP’s Punjab unit president comes days after the party’s core committee unanimously rejected his resignation and forwarded its decision to AAP’s National Political Affairs Committee for a review, said an official statement on Tuesday. Mr. Mann had tendered his resignation last year following AAP convener and Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal’s apology to former Akali Dal Minister Bikram Singh Majithia for alleging involvement in the rampant illegal drugs business in the State.last_img read more

M.P. Congress MLA demands SIT in cow slaughter row

first_imgA Congress MLA has written to Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Kamal Nath demanding setting up of a SIT and transfer of the Khandwa District Collector for invoking the National Security Act on three persons accused of cow slaughter. Bhopal Central MLA Arif Masood, in his letter sent on Friday, termed the NSA move “one-sided”, adding that the kin of the three accused had met him and had alleged that the Collector had not heard their side.‘Slaughter shameful’ He said cow slaughter was “shameful” but reiterated that the Collector’s move to invoke the stringent NSA was unjustified. He demanded constitution of a Special Investigation Team to probe the case and the Collector’s transfer in order to have a “fair” probe.Mr. Masood said on Saturday, “I have written to the Chief Minister and urged him to intervene in the matter. The action taken by the police and district officials was on the basis of information given by an informer. The side of the accused should have been heard before invoking NSA.” He claimed the minority community leaders from different parts of the country have also spoken to Congress chief Rahul Gandhi in this regard. Earlier last week, the authorities had slapped NSA on three accused, identified as Shakeel, Nadeem and Azam, for allegedly killing a cow in Khandwa, and jailed. Justifying the action, Khandwa Superintendent of Police Siddharth Bahuguna had said Nadeem, alias Raju, was a habitual offender and had been held earlier in a cow slaughter case as well as other criminal cases.Communally sensitive Khandwa is a communally sensitive area and such an incident might affect its peace and harmony and therefore, he had said, such a move was made against the three. According to Moghat Police Station in-charge Mohan Singore, acting on a tip-off that a few persons were involved in cow slaughter, a team raided Kharkali village near here on February 1. While the accused fled from the spot, a large knife and beef was seized from there, he said. The three were arrested on February 2 and Khandwa Collector Vishesh Gadpale later invoked NSA against them, Mr. Singore had informed.last_img read more

Man robs Credit Union in Rancho Bernardo

first_imgMan robs Credit Union in Rancho Bernardo SAN DIEGO (KUSI) – A man with a bandana tied around his head robbed a Rancho Bernardo financial-services office this afternoon, authorities reported.The thief was carrying a motorcycle helmet when he approached a teller at the San Diego County Credit Union branch in the 11900 block of Bernardo Plaza Drive and demanded money shortly before 4 p.m., according to San Diego police.The robber, who stole an undisclosed amount of money, was described as a roughly  5-foot-10-inch, 200-pound white man with a mustache. It was unclear if he fled the area on foot or, possibly, via a motorcycle or other type of vehicle.In addition to the black-and-white kerchief on his head, the bandit was wearing glasses, gray pants, a black hooded jacket and black shoes, Officer Robert Heims said. Posted: February 7, 2019 KUSI Newsroom, February 7, 2019 KUSI Newsroom Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitterlast_img read more

Native Instruments Receives Capital From EMH Partners

first_imgNews Native Instruments Gets Capital From EMH Partners native-instruments-receives-capital-emh-partners Native Instruments Receives Capital From EMH Partners Twitter Facebook Email With new funding from the equity firm, EMH Partners, Native Instruments aims to bring their products to a wider marketRenée FabianGRAMMYs Oct 23, 2017 – 11:13 am Music software and hardware company Native Instruments has raised $59 million from Munich-based private equity firm EMH Partners to help democratize their products for up-and-coming artists.Native Instruments, which has product partnerships with Depeche Mode, Kendrick Lamar, Alicia Keys, and Skrillex, to name a few, looks to grow their market share among smaller artists, as well as amateurs and DIY creators.The company plans to expand their technological reach in Berlin, Los Angeles and London in 2018, along with continued improvements to products such as their DJing software Traktor and their stems technology, which makes the components of a track available for remixing.Their partnership with EMH Partners will help Native Instruments capture the potential for a larger market share in the digital music space, allowing them to market and distribute their products to a wider base of users.”We believe music creation products and services should be integrated in a more appealing, intuitive and cohesive way,” Mate Galic, CTO and president of Native Instruments, said. “We foresee an easily accessible music creation ecosystem that connects user centric design, with powerful technology and data, to further enable the music creators of today, and welcome the new creators of tomorrow.”Home Studio Slip-Ups: 10 Common Mistakes And How To Fix ThemRead morelast_img read more

Netflix doesnt see any standout competitors yet

first_imgCindy Holland is Netflix’s vice president of original content.  Matt Winkelmeyer/Getty Images Though the streaming landscape may seem crowded, Netflix says it still doesn’t see many stand-out competitors. During a session at the Code Conference on Tuesday, Netflix Vice President of Original Content Cindy Holland said the company has been anticipating competition for years. Holland noted that though platforms like Disney Plus are on the way, Netflix always figured “all of these traditional players would enter into our space.” If anything, it was a motivation to invest in original content to begin with — eventually those traditional players might stop licensing to Netflix.”We believed this shift would all happen, it’s just taken many years longer than we thought,” Holland said.  Share your voice 0 Digital Mediacenter_img Tags Post a commentlast_img read more

Trump GOP Leaders Strain For MigrantKids Solution

first_img Share APHilla Holappa, 1, reaches up to her mother Erika Holappa, of Washington, during a protest of the separation of immigrant families, at the start of at joint House Committee on the Judiciary and House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform hearing examining the Inspector Generals’ report of the FBI’s Clinton email probe, on Capitol Hill, Tuesday, June 19, 2018 in Washington. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)President Donald Trump on Tuesday told House Republicans he is “1,000 percent” behind their rival immigration bills, providing little clear direction for party leaders searching for a way to defuse the escalating controversy over family separations at the southern border.And it’s uncertain if Trump’s support will be enough to push any legislation through the divided GOP majority.GOP lawmakers, increasingly fearful of a voter backlash in November, met with Trump for about an hour at the Capitol to try to find a solution that both holds to Trump’s hard-line immigration policy and ends the practice of taking migrant children from parents charged with entering the country illegally. Many lawmakers say Trump could simply reverse the administration’s “zero tolerance” policy and keep families together.While Trump held firm to his tough immigration stance in an earlier appearance Tuesday, he acknowledged during the closed-door meeting that the coverage of family separations is taking a toll. Trump said his daughter, Ivanka, had told him the situation with the families looks bad, one lawmaker said.APMexican Foreign Secretary Luis Videgaray Caso, right, listens to Carlos Manuel Sada, Undersecretary for North America, at a press conference in Mexico City, Tuesday, June 19, 2018. The Mexican government is condemning the separation of children from families on the U.S. border. Videgaray said that the country does not promote illegal migration, but it “cannot remain indifferent in the face of something that clearly represents a violation of human rights.” (AP Photo/Moises Castillo)“He said, ‘Politically, this is bad,’” said Rep. Randy Weber, R-Texas. “It’s not about the politics, this is the right thing to do.”But Trump touched on many topics during the meeting, including his historic meeting with the North Korean Kim Jong Un. He praised a few GOP lawmakers by name for defending him on TV, according to one Republican in the room. And he took a jab at Rep. Mark Sanford, congratulating the South Carolina Republican on his recent campaign, according to others granted anonymity to discuss the private meeting. Sanford, a frequent Trump critic, lost after his GOP primary opponent highlighted his criticism of the president.As Trump walked out of the session in the Capitol basement, he was confronted by about a half-dozen House Democrats, who yelled, “Stop separating our families!”Leaders in both the House and Senate are struggling to shield the party’s lawmakers from the public outcry over images of children taken from migrant parents and held in cages at the border. But they are running up against Trump’s shifting views on specifics and his determination, according to advisers, not to look soft on his signature immigration issue, the border wall.Rep. Kristi Noem, R-S.D., said Trump told lawmakers he “would continue to support the legislation, and that people shouldn’t be worried that he would change his mind.” She said it was a light moment. “Everybody laughed.”Even if Republicans manage to pass an immigration bill through the House, which is a tall order, the fight is all but certain to fizzle in the Senate.Sen. Chuck Schumer, the Democratic leader from New York, is adamant that Trump can end the family separations on his own and that legislation is not needed.Without Democratic support, Republicans cannot muster the 60 votes needed to move forward on legislation.Schumer said with most Americans against family separations, it’s Republicans “feeling the heat on this issue, and that’s why they’re squirming.”In the House, GOP leaders scrambled Tuesday to produce a revised version of the broader immigration bill that would keep children in detention longer than now permitted — but with their parents.The major change unveiled Tuesday would loosen rules that now limit the amount of time minors can be held to 20 days, according to a GOP source familiar with the measure. Instead, the children could be detained indefinitely with their parents.The revision would also give the Department of Homeland Security the authority to use $7 billion in border technology funding to pay for family detention centers, said the person, who was not authorized to discuss the matter by name and commented only on condition of anonymity.In the Senate, meanwhile, Republicans are rallying behind a different approach. Theirs is narrow legislation proposed by Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, that would allow detained families to stay together in custody while expediting their hearings and possible deportation proceedings.Cruz’s bill would double the number of federal immigration judges, authorize new temporary shelters to house migrant families and limit the processing of asylum cases to no more than 14 days — a goal immigrant advocates say would be difficult to meet.“While cases are pending, families should stay together,” tweeted Cruz, who is in an unexpectedly tough re-election battle.Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., told reporters he’s reaching out to Democrats for bipartisan backing.The family separation issue boiled over Tuesday at a House hearing on an unrelated subject, when protesters with babies briefly shut down proceedings.Maryland Rep. Elijah Cummings, the top Democrat on the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, pleaded with Republicans on the panel to “stand up” to Trump.Under the administration’s current policy, all unlawful crossings are referred for prosecution — a process that moves adults to the custody of the U.S. Marshals Service and sends many children to facilities run by the Department of Health and Human Services. Under the Obama administration, such families were usually referred for civil deportation proceedings, not requiring separation.More than 2,300 minors were separated from their families at the border from May 5 through June 9, according to the Department of Homeland Security.The national outcry has roiled midterm election campaigns, emboldening Democrats while putting Republicans on the defensive.Top conservatives, including key Trump allies, have introduced bills to keep the migrant families together. Rep. Mark Meadows of North Carolina, a leader of the conservative Freedom Caucus, said he has introduced a measure that “becomes a backup proposal” if others fail.The House is to vote later this week on two bills that address broader immigration issues to protect young immigrant “Dreamers,” who have been living in the U.S. illegally since childhood, from deportation and fund Trump’s border wall.But outlook for passage is dim. One conservative measure is expected to fail. And it’s unclear if Trump’s backing will help the compromise legislation that GOP leaders negotiated with moderate Republicans. Rep. Steve Scalise of Lousiana, the GOP whip, told reporters he thought it had enough support to pass. Votes are expected Thursday.Rep. Scott Perry, R-Pa.,a member of the House Freedom Caucus, says he doesn’t like compromise bill “because it’s all compromising in one direction.”Perry was not at the meeting with Trump, but said he doubts the president’s words will affect his position.“Well, good for him, but he’s not running for Congress.”last_img read more

The Himalayan expedition

first_imgCascading waterfalls, mighty mountains, wild forests and the lush green valleys  make for everyone’s idea of utopia. For some it is a reality that they breathe day in and day out. The Himalayas, nurtures and sustains the faiths and socio-religious beliefs of its civilization. It cradles myths, legends and tales – some told some untold. Author Alka Raghuvanshi and photographer Sanjay Sharma capture these magical moments in places few have ventured due to reasons of inaccessibility in the book Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’ Garhwal Himalayas- Chorus of Solitude. ‘Perhaps it was ordained that many of the trips were made well before the book was even envisaged. And as the reader goes through the maze of legends and reality juxtaposed in weird and wonderful patterns, it would be important to remember that this journey into the unforgiving terrain – one wrong move is all that separates life from life eternal,’ says the author Alka Raghuvanshi. The photographer made endless trips to most places featured in this book in different seasons in his quest for getting just the right picture, including earlier this year in adverse weather conditions. Being the last documentation of the Uttrakhand region before havoc, this book written over six years assumes even more importance in this context.last_img read more

Despite Long Litigious Past Samsung and Google Announce 10 Year CrossLicensing Agreement

first_img Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. 2 min read Are Google and Samsung frenemies now? After years of litigation over mobile technology patents, it appears as though the tech giants have finally made peace. The companies announced today a decade-long cross-licensing agreement that covers existing patents and those that may be filed in the future.“With this agreement, Samsung and Google gain access to each other’s industry-leading patent portfolios, paving the way for deeper collaboration on research and development of current and future products and technologies,” Samsung said in a statement.Both companies have tens of thousands of patents, however, the statement does not specify which ones are covered under the agreement.Two years ago, Samsung agreed to pay Microsoft royalties and collaborate on the development of Microsoft-based phones in order to avoid going to court over violating its patents. At the time, the agreement was seen as a setback to Google which had been attempting to establish itself as the standard in mobile operating systems by giving its Android software to smartphone and tablet makers for free.The deal with Google comes at a rough patch for Samsung, which could be strategically aligning itself as it continues to fight a major dispute with Apple. Last November, a U.S. jury in federal court ordered Samsung to pay Apple roughly $290 million in damages. The companies have agreed to a mediation meeting sometime before Feb. 19.Related: In Patent War, Apple and Samsung to Try Mediation Before March Court Date January 27, 2014 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Register Now »last_img read more