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Win a Free Copy of Ben Cohen’s New Autobiography

first_imgTuesday Aug 25, 2015 Win a Free Copy of Ben Cohen’s New Autobiography Prize Details: This is an inspirational story of passion and pain; of the highs of achieving your goals, and the grief of losing something you can never get back.Most people didn’t know that Ben is clinically deaf. His sixth sense for the game got him through on the pitch, but off it his poor hearing was often taken for arrogance. Fast and powerful on the wing, he was soon the best in the world in his position and a cornerstone of the England team, culminating in the legendary World Cup win in Sydney in 2003.Then, when Ben was 20, his father intervened in a fight in the nightclub where he worked. He was viciously beaten and one month later he died in hospital. Ben was doing an England press conference at the time, and it was down to coach Clive Woodward to deliver the devastating news. But the ordeal was far from over. The inquest lasted five months before the funeral could be held, and it was a year before the family were in court, facing Peter’s assailants.Carry Me Home is the compelling and deeply personal autobiography of a rugby hero.Draw Details: A winner will be randomly chosen by Rugbydump from the emails entered. Entries close: 29 September 2015. Click the “Enter the Draw” button for a chance to win.ADVERTISEMENT Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Competition Related Articles 182 WEEKS AGO WIN: Rugby Nations 18 mobile game 184 WEEKS AGO WIN: George North signed Wales shirt PLUS… 200 WEEKS AGO WIN the new England 2017-2018 home jersey… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyDoctors Stunned: She Removes Her Wrinkles With This Inexpensive TipSmart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier Living10 Types of Women You Should Never MarryNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

4 Porches and 4 Skylights House / Ferran Vizoso + Jesús Cardona

first_img Year:  4 Porches and 4 Skylights House / Ferran Vizoso + Jesús Cardona Photographs Area:  145 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Projects 2010 Save this picture!© José Hevia+ 21 Share Architects: Ferran Vizoso, Jesús Cardona Area Area of this architecture project 2010 CopyHouses•Spain “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Photographs:  José HeviaCollaborators:Xosé Domínguez, René GuderTechnical Architects:Juan CardonaConstruction:Inversiones y promociones inmobiliariasRoof Surface:162 m2Interior Surface:106 m2Budget:223.340 €Cost:1.530 €/m2Country:SpainMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© José HeviaRecommended ProductsPorcelain StonewareCeramiche KeopeCeramic Tiles – BackPorcelain StonewareCosentinoSurfaces – Dekton® Chromica CollectionPorcelain StonewareApariciPorcelain Tiles – BuildWoodHESS TIMBERTimber – GLT Hybrid The clients asked for a house that had to be close from the outside but open from the inside. Had to have introverted facades, to maintain the privacy of their adjacent plot, but at the same time generous views towards all its carefully landscaped perimeter. Save this picture!© José Hevia Four triangular porches solved the paradoxical demand due to the “inverted funnel effect” of their walls, a shape able to simultaneously offer wide views from the inside and massive facades from the outside. The solution “dislocated” the geometry of the whole plan and generated very rich visual relations in between the house and the garden. Save this picture!© José HeviaWhen the big sliding doors are open, hided into the walls, the four triangular outdoor areas connect each other and the interior becomes one only great porch, a big shadow in between four intimate “pavilions” (the three bedrooms and the sitting room) with the constant presence of the changing daylight and the garden views. Save this picture!© José HeviaIn the bathrooms, through triangular skylights with mirrors on two of their three sides, the sun light descends causing surprising kaleidoscopic reflections. With all this, the residence becomes a comfortable and protected “interior” not being “in front of” or “by the” nature, but absolutely surrounded by it. Save this picture!Section + PlanProject gallerySee allShow lessDesigners Don’t Get Science (And That’s A Dangerous Thing)ArticlesCanterbury Cathedral Landscape Design CompetitionEvent Share ArchDaily 4 Porches and 4 Skylights House / Ferran Vizoso + Jesús CardonaSave this projectSave4 Porches and 4 Skylights House / Ferran Vizoso + Jesús Cardona Year:  Houses Spain ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard CopyAbout this officeFerran VizosoOfficeFollowJesús CardonaOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesMenorcaSpainPublished on June 20, 2013Cite: “4 Porches and 4 Skylights House / Ferran Vizoso + Jesús Cardona” [Casa 4 Porches y 4 Lucernarios / Ferran Vizoso + Jesús Cardona] 20 Jun 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Surface: Nordic DécorGlassMitrexSolar PanelsPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodPanel Façade SystemSealantsAGROB BUCHTALHow To Benefit From Ceramic Tiles With Hytect SurfaceSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Q-ClassFacade SystemsTrimoTrimoterm FTV in the BASE – Backing wallSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylight Ridgelight in Office BuildingDoorsVEKAFront Doors – SOFTLINECurtain WallsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Curtain Wall – Rabel 35000 Slim Super ThermalResidential ApplicationsULMA Architectural SolutionsVentilated Facades on Building in PamplonaDoorsLibartVertical Retracting Doors – Panora ViewAccessories / TV MountsYellow Goat DesignScreens – BlossomMore products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream “COPY”last_img read more

GAIN to help charities secure Gift Aid on auctions

first_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 14 June 2005 | News Charities who wish GAIN to recover Gift Aid on auctions sign a contract with GAIN appointing it as the Gift Aid co-ordinator for the fundraising event. The company then works with the charity’s event organisers to ensure that the event is managed and run in a manner which ensures that the maximum Gift Aid is collected on the auction. Their services include the provision of the Gift Aid declaration in the correct format, recording and collection of this completed document from the supporters, liaison with the auctioneer/MC to ensure that the auction is conducted according to Inland Revenue requirements and that appropriate announcements are made to the bidders, and provision of a statement of account or invoice (Auction Sale Confirmation) to the bidder detailing his/her bid.GAIN acts as the nominee for processing the Gift Aid claim, so it will handle the submission and acceptance of the R68 and R68(2000) forms.The company only charges on a success or no-win no-fee basis: where it has secured Gift Aid income it charges 25% of the additional Gift Aid recovered, which equates to 5.5% of the total gross donation. There is also a fixed setup charge of £150.00, which is independent of the Gift Aid recovered. Normally the rules of Gift Aid do not allow income from auctions to qualify, but Gift Aid recovery specialists GAIN have established an Inland Revenue-approved method of claiming Gift Aid on auctions.GAIN, the Gift Aid Recovery and Consultancy arm of ChariTax Limited, has negotiated a special arrangement with Inland Revenue whereby a charity can benefit from Gift Aid at an auction. Of course, for Inland Revenue to allow this payment they need to be sure that the operation stays within the rules of Gift Aid. So GAIN is promoting its services to help charities achieve this.“We can guarantee complete compliance with the procedures and regulations as agreed with Inland Revenue as well as maintaining a complete record of all stages of the transaction” said GAIN’s Barry Gower. “Because of our relationship with Inland Revenue we have been able to structure this arrangement to achieve the dual objectives of compliance with Inland Revenue requirements and removal of hassle for the donors.” Advertisement Tagged with: Eventscenter_img GAIN to help charities secure Gift Aid on auctions  22 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

Remember A Charity – Bat Out of Hell

first_img Howard Lake | 23 April 2009 | News Advertisement  52 total views,  4 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis  51 total views,  3 views today About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. Remember A Charity – Bat Out of Hell AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: Humour legacies Another of the humorous TV adverts for the Remember a Charity consortium 2009 campaign.last_img read more

Interview with Virgin Money Giving’s Executive Director

first_img[youtube][/youtube] Advertisement  72 total views,  4 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 1 May 2009 | News Interview with Virgin Money Giving’s Executive Director About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. He asked her about Virgin Money Giving’s services, its pricing model, how much she thought it could expand the online giving market, whether it will partner with other major sporting events in addition to the London marathon, and whether cost was really such an issue for charities in selecting an online fundraising service provider.Some of the questions had been suggested by other fundraisers and agency staff via Twitter. Tagged with: Digital Recruitment / people  71 total views,  3 views today Virgin is the new sponsor of the London Marathon and Virgin Money Giving its new entry to the online fundraising sector. The online donation service aims to offer lower charges to charities and help grow the total raised online for charities.UK Fundraising’s Howard Lake met Jo Barnett, Executive Director of Virgin Money Giving, to find out more. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

Six unelected men deliver blow to Civil Rights

first_img35,000 marched on Washington D.C., in April 1978 to ‘Beat Back Bakke,’ an attack on affirmative action.The unelected U.S. Supreme Court has delivered a sharp blow to rights won through mass struggles against racism.In a six-to-two decision on the Schuette vs. BAMN case on April 22, the high court upheld a Michigan referendum about a constitutional amendment that placed a ban on affirmative action. The so-called “Michigan Civil Rights Initiative” of 2006 actually reversed the legal and political principles that had guided the movement for equality from the 1950s through the 1970s. The ruling will also have an impact on seven other states, which have similar bans.The court decided that it possessed no jurisdiction to overturn the Michigan vote, which banned race and the history of national discrimination as factors in admissions to higher educational institutions. The state’s vote and other initiatives have resulted in drastic declines in the number of African-American and Latino/a students at universities and colleges around the state and the country.Not only did the high court’s majority uphold Michigan’s anti-affirmative-action vote, it rejected a federal appeals court decision that said the adoption of such a state law violates the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. That amendment ostensibly guaranteed equal protection under the law.Justice Anthony Kennedy, often considered the “swing vote,” summed up the conservative majority view, which said that such considerations of racism and past discrimination were not needed and were unconstitutional.Kennedy said, “In a society in which those lines are becoming more blurred, the attempt to define race-based categories also raises serious questions of its own. Government action that classifies individuals on the basis of race is inherently suspect and carries the danger of perpetuating the very racial divisions the polity seeks to transcend.” (, April 22)But Justice Sonia Sotomayor, the only Puerto Rican jurist, gave a dissenting opinion that abhorred the decision. Sotomayor recognized that her career path had been directly related to the affirmative action programs that helped her, a Latina from the Bronx, get into Princeton University and Yale Law School.Sotomayor stressed that the majority’s refusal “to accept the stark reality that race matters is regrettable. We ought not to sit back and wish away, rather than confront the racial inequality that exists in our society.”Deception and racism in Michigan voteThe anti-affirmative-action referendum’s placement on the Michigan ballot had been based on massive deception through a well-financed political ­campaign.A petition campaign was launched in 2006 to place the initiative on the ballot; canvassers were paid for collecting signatures. Many were instructed to falsely say that this initiative would advance equal opportunity by changing the Michigan state constitution to bar discrimination.But opponents launched a challenge to the ballot initiative. They claimed it was not the intent of most petition signers to ban affirmative action. However, the state elections commission and the courts upheld the initiative, which passed during the 2006 statewide elections.Bourgeois law still does not recognize the historic national oppression of African Americans, Latinos/as, Asians and Native peoples. The prevailing view in the capitalist media is the racist argument that any advancement made by oppressed nations constitutes “reverse discrimination” against the dominant oppressor nation.This Supreme Court decision is part of an effort to reverse the major political and social gains of the Civil Rights, Black Power and women’s movements that emerged after World War II. In 1954, the historic Brown v. Topeka decision of the Supreme Court had ruled that “separate but equal” facilities for students in public education were inherently unconstitutional.The Brown v. Topeka ruling reversed the Plessy v. Ferguson case of 1896 — which during the era of Jim Crow and lynching had provided a legal rationale for “second-class citizenship” for African Americans. Through a series of political and legal campaigns led by the NAACP Legal Defense Fund and others, institutional discrimination was eventually outlawed in both higher education and from kindergarden through 12th grade.Struggle won affirmative actionNonetheless, it took a mass Civil Rights and Black Power movement — beginning in 1955 and continuing through the early 1970s — to bring real affirmative action programs into existence.With the advent of urban rebellions from 1963 to 1970, the impetus for implementing such policies was accelerated.The administration of Lyndon Johnson, responding to the militancy of the African-American struggle and seeking peace at home in order to wage war in Southeast Asia, shepherded the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 through the U.S. Congress.It was Johnson who noted in a commencement address at Howard University in 1965 that simply passing laws would not be enough to make a dent in historical institutional discrimination and used the term “affirmative action.” Later, the right wing used the term to push back against the changing social character of race relations in the United States, a country built on the genocide of Indigenous Americans, enslavement of Africans and colonization of large sections of the Mexican population in the Southwest.Johnson said, “You do not take a person who, for years, has been hobbled by chains and liberate him, bring him up to the starting line of a race and then say you are free to compete with all the others, and still just believe that you have been completely fair.”In September 1965, Johnson issued Executive Order 11246 to enforce a policy of nondiscrimination. In 1967, the order was amended to bar discrimination against women in hiring.Earlier, the Kennedy administration had issued Executive Order 10925, mandating that federal contractors not only end discrimination but take “affirmative action to ensure” compliance. It also mandated penalties for noncompliance with anti-discriminatory policies.However, in the late 1970s, the reactionary Bakke case reached the Supreme Court. It challenged quotas and timetables intended to implement nondiscriminatory policies. In 1978, the high court’s ruling on Bakke lessened the impact of previous executive orders and legislation that had mandated nondiscriminatory policies.Anti-affirmative-action campaigns in California, Texas and Florida, as well as Michigan, have largely eliminated the institutional commitment to nondiscrimination. Demonstrations by African-American students at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor are calling for the elite institution to establish programs to recruit more people from this oppressed community.What is needed to make these demands a political force is to initiate a national movement against institutional racism that would encompass the declining social status of the nationally oppressed, who are still suffering from disproportionate rates of unemployment and poverty.The gains of the 20th century were the result of the mass struggles of African Americans, Latinos/as, other oppressed peoples and their allies. It will again require the mobilization and organization of the masses of people in a militant program of resistance and fightback to reverse these setbacks.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Iraqi Governing Council urged to lift ban on Al-Arabiya

first_img February 15, 2021 Find out more November 24, 2003 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Iraqi Governing Council urged to lift ban on Al-Arabiya IraqMiddle East – North Africa Help by sharing this information Reporters Without Borders called on the Iraqi Governing Council to reverse its decision today to ban the Dubai-based satellite TV news channel Al-Arabiya from operating in Iraq until it gives a written undertaking not to encourage terrorism. The organisation also condemned the government’s use of police to close the station’s offices in the Baghdad district of Al-Mansur.The ban was imposed because Al-Arabiya on 16 November broadcast an audiotape in which a voice said to be that of Saddam Hussein was heard urging Iraqis to kill members of the US-installed transitional government.”The handling of the news is the sole responsibility of news editors,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Robert Ménard said. “Iraq’s new authorities should not try to get a news organisation to change its editorial line by using force – such methods belong to the past and are contrary to the promises of democracy made to the Iraqi people.”Ménard said a news organisation is not guilty of inciting murder when it broadcasts a message in which a person who is supposedly Saddam Hussein is heard calling for murder. “Instead of preventing journalists in the field from doing their work, the Iraqi Governing Council should address its objections to the TV network’s management and should get down to the job of setting up a body to regulate and monitor the news media, consisting of elected members of the new media,” Ménard added.Iraq’s interim government already banned Al-Arabiya and fellow Arabic satellite news channel Al-Jazeera from covering its official activities for two weeks after they broadcast audiotapes said to be of Saddam Hussein at the time of the murder of interim government member Akila al-Hashimi on 20 September. December 16, 2020 Find out more RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” News December 28, 2020 Find out more Three jailed reporters charged with “undermining national security” to go furthercenter_img Follow the news on Iraq News Organisation News RSF_en Iraq : Wave of arrests of journalists covering protests in Iraqi Kurdistan News IraqMiddle East – North Africa Receive email alertslast_img read more

Microelectronics Market – Global Industry Analysis and Forecasts to 2026: Innovations Such as Hybrid…

first_img By Digital AIM Web Support – January 28, 2021 Local NewsBusiness Microelectronics Market – Global Industry Analysis and Forecasts to 2026: Innovations Such as Hybrid Cloud Storage, Next-Generation Displays, Wireless Charging, and Flexible Electronics – Previous articleSpendEdge Releases Sourcing Procurement Intelligence Report for the Agricultural Machinery Market | Evolving Opportunities and New Market Possibilities Post PandemicNext articleREPLY: Spike Reply and Storm Reply Achieve AWS Security Competency Status Digital AIM Web Support Twitter TAGS  WhatsApp Twittercenter_img Pinterest Facebook DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Jan 28, 2021– The “Microelectronics Market: Global Industry Analysis, Trends, Market Size, and Forecasts up to 2026” report has been added to’s offering. The report on the global microelectronics market provides qualitative and quantitative analysis for the period from 2018 to 2026. The report predicts the global microelectronics market to grow with a CAGR of 12.0% over the forecast period from 2020-2026. The study on microelectronics market covers the analysis of the leading geographies such as North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and RoW for the period of 2018 to 2026. The report on microelectronics market is a comprehensive study and presentation of drivers, restraints, opportunities, demand factors, market size, forecasts, and trends in the global microelectronics market over the period of 2018 to 2026. Moreover, the report is a collective presentation of primary and secondary research findings. Porter’s five forces model in the report provides insights into the competitive rivalry, supplier and buyer positions in the market and opportunities for the new entrants in the global microelectronics market over the period of 2018 to 2026. Further, Growth Matrix gave in the report brings an insight into the investment areas that existing or new market players can consider. What does this Report Deliver?Comprehensive analysis of the global as well as regional markets of the microelectronics market.Complete coverage of all the segments in the microelectronics market to analyze the trends, developments in the global market and forecast of market size up to 2026.Comprehensive analysis of the companies operating in the global microelectronics market. The company profile includes analysis of product portfolio, revenue, SWOT analysis and latest developments of the company.Growth Matrix presents an analysis of the product segments and geographies that market players should focus to invest, consolidate, expand and/or diversify. Report Findings 1) DriversLow cost and lightweight associated with the microelectronics componentsGrowing applications in construction, automotive and electronic industries 2) RestraintsSensitivity towards rough handling and excessive heat 3) OpportunitiesInnovations such as hybrid cloud storage, next-generation displays, wireless charging, and flexible electronics Key Topics Covered: 1. Preface 1.1. Report Description 1.2. Research Methods 1.3. Research Approaches 2. Executive Summary 2.1. Microelectronics Market Highlights 2.2. Microelectronics Market Projection 2.3. Microelectronics Market Regional Highlights 3. Global Microelectronics Market Overview 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Market Dynamics 3.2.1. Drivers 3.2.2. Restraints 3.2.3. Opportunities 3.3. Analysis of COVID-19 impact on the Microelectronics Market 3.4. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis 3.5. Growth Matrix Analysis 3.5.1. Growth Matrix Analysis by Software & Algorithm 3.5.2. Growth Matrix Analysis by Product 3.5.3. Growth Matrix Analysis by Region 3.6. Value Chain Analysis of Microelectronics Market 4. Microelectronics Market Macro Indicator Analysis 5. Global Microelectronics Market by Software & Algorithm 5.1. Behavioral 5.2. Proactive 6. Global Microelectronics Market by Product 6.1. Lighting Control 6.2. Security & Access Control 6.3. HVAC Control 6.4. Entertainment Control & Others 6.5. Other Control 7. Global Microelectronics Market by Region 2020-2026 7.1. North America 7.1.1. North America Microelectronics Market by Software & Algorithm 7.1.2. North America Microelectronics Market by Product 7.1.3. North America Microelectronics Market by Country 7.2. Europe 7.2.1. Europe Microelectronics Market by Software & Algorithm 7.2.2. Europe Microelectronics Market by Product 7.2.3. Europe Microelectronics Market by Country 7.3. Asia-Pacific 7.3.1. Asia-Pacific Microelectronics Market by Software & Algorithm 7.3.2. Asia-Pacific Microelectronics Market by Product 7.3.3. Asia-Pacific Microelectronics Market by Country 7.4. RoW 7.4.1. RoW Microelectronics Market by Software & Algorithm 7.4.2. RoW Microelectronics Market by Product 7.4.3. RoW Microelectronics Market by Sub-region 8. Company Profiles and Competitive Landscape 8.1. Competitive Landscape in the Global Microelectronics Market 8.2. Companies Profiled 8.2.1. Acuity Brands, Inc. 8.2.2. ADT Corporation 8.2.3. Control4 Corporation 8.2.4. Crestron Electronics, Inc. 8.2.5. Cisco Systems, Inc. 8.2.6. Honeywell International Inc. 8.2.7. United Technologies Corporation 8.2.8. Johnson Controls Inc. 8.2.9. Ingersoll-Rand PLC 8.2.10. Schneider Electric SE For more information about this report visit View source version on CONTACT: Laura Wood, Senior Press Manager [email protected] For E.S.T Office Hours Call 1-917-300-0470 For U.S./CAN Toll Free Call 1-800-526-8630 For GMT Office Hours Call +353-1-416-8900 KEYWORD: INDUSTRY KEYWORD: TECHNOLOGY HARDWARE SOURCE: Research and Markets Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 01/28/2021 03:20 AM/DISC: 01/28/2021 03:20 AM WhatsApp Pinterest Facebooklast_img read more

Seven Ministerial advisers in breach of government pay cap

first_img Seven Ministerial advisers in breach of government pay cap WhatsApp Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Facebook Pinterest 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic PSNI and Gardai urged to investigate Adams’ claims he sheltered on-the-run suspect in Donegal Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Seven out 34 Ministerial advisers are in breach of the government pay cap.Four of the most senior advisers to the Taoiseach and Tanaiste are earning a salary of nearly double the 87,000 cap.Ministers can apply to the Departments of Finance and Public Expenditure and Reform to pay staff above the set limits on an individual basis, particularly in cases where people have left well paid jobs in the private sector.Our reporter Shona Murray has a breakdown of some of the figures.”Mark Kennelly and Andrew McDowell for the Taoiseach, they were awarded 168,000 euro respectively for their positions – they’re at Deputy Secretary-General level ” she said.”They’re now on salaries of 156,380″.”Similarly for the Tanaiste, Mark Garrett was awarded 168,000 euro as well, and he again is on 156″ she added. Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twittercenter_img Google+ WhatsApp Previous articleOver ver 30,000 people have applied to join the GardaíNext articleAer Lingus passenger numbers fell in November News Highland Twitter HSE warns of ‘widespread cancellations’ of appointments next week Pinterest News Google+ By News Highland – December 5, 2013 Facebooklast_img read more

Right Of Appeal Under Section 372 CrPC, 1973 Vis-à-Vis Period Of Limitation: A Conundrum

first_imgColumnsRight Of Appeal Under Section 372 CrPC, 1973 Vis-à-Vis Period Of Limitation: A Conundrum Ayan Bhattacherjee23 Aug 2020 1:23 AMShare This – xSeminal Issue: What should be the period of limitation for filing an appeal under Section 372 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (in short ‘Cr P C’) is a contentious issue on which there is apparently a judicial split of opinion amongst various High Courts in India as there is no pronouncement by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India as yet. Section 372…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginSeminal Issue: What should be the period of limitation for filing an appeal under Section 372 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (in short ‘Cr P C’) is a contentious issue on which there is apparently a judicial split of opinion amongst various High Courts in India as there is no pronouncement by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India as yet. Section 372 Proviso: Vide the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment Act), 2008 (in short ‘the Amendment Act) a new proviso has been inserted under Section 372 Cr P C which is as follows: “Provided that the victim shall have a right to prefer an appeal against any order passed by the Court acquitting the accused or convicting for a lesser offence or imposing inadequate compensation, and such appeal shall lie to the Court to which an appeal ordinarily lies against the order of conviction of such Court.” The Amendment Act forms part of the scheme of Cr P C under which the definition of “victim” was inserted by way of Section 2(wa) of Cr P C in order to confer a right of active participation upon a victim of an offence in a judicial process. The proviso gives right to a victim to prefer an appeal against an order in the following eventualities: Against an order of acquittal;Against an order of conviction for a lesser offence; and Against an order of imposition of inadequate compensation. Split of opinion: The proviso to Section 372 of Cr P C and its various ramifications including the period of limitation fell for decision before different High Courts throughout the territory of India. Applying various parameters of interpretation, different High Courts formulated different time frame as period of limitation under Section 372 Cr P C. A table to that effect is extracted herein below: Sl. No. High Courts Particulars and Citations Period Strength of Bench 1. Allahabad 2018 Cri LJ 1283 Mast Ram Tiwari -Vs- State of U.P. 60 days (In complaint Cases) 90 days (In all other cases) Full Bench 2. Bombay 2016 Cri LJ 1418 Amit Bhagirath Mishra -Vs- State of Maharashtra Reasonable Period Division Bench 3. Calcutta (2013) 3 Cal Cri LR 428 Chobhan Mallick Vs The State of West Bengal 60 days Division Bench 4. Delhi 2011 (2) AD (Delhi) 210 Kareemul Hajazi v. State of NCT of Delhi 60 days Division Bench 5. Gauhati 2015 (44) RCR Cri 497 Paye Mosing -Vs- Naba Bora 90 days Division Bench 6. Gujarat 2013 Cri LJ 4225 Bhavuben Dineshbhai Makwana -Vs- State of Gujarat & Others 90 days Full Bench 7. Himachal Pradesh 2013 (2) RCR (Cri) 60 Joginder Singh v. State of Himachal Pradesh 90 days Division Bench 8. Patna 2014 Cri LJ 1046 Parmeshwar Mandal -Vs- State of Bihar Reasonable Period Division Bench 9. Punjab & Haryana 2013 (2) RCR Cri 1005 M/s Tata Steel ltd. -Vs- M/s Atma Tube Products Ltd. 90 days (High Court) 60 days (Any Other Court) Full Bench 10. Tripura 2015 (4) Gau L T 508 Biplab Bhowmik v. Sabitri Banik (Bhowmik) 90 days (High Court) 60 days (Any Other Court) Single Bench It is therefore, evident that period of limitation as per different High Courts vary from 60 days to any reasonable period of time. Limitation Act, 1963 Under Articles 114 and 115 of the Limitation Act, 1963 (in short ‘the Limitation Act’) the period of limitation for preferring an appeal against acquittal (after grant of special leave) and against an order of conviction have been mentioned. It is noteworthy that in the Schedule of the Limitation Act, the period of limitation has been prescribed in respect of the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (in short ‘Old Cr P C’). As under the Old Cr PC there was no provision of substantive appeal in case of an acquittal unlike the proviso to Section 372 of Cr P C, the Legislature in its wisdom did not conceptualize in its contemplation any period of limitation for filing an appeal against an order of acquittal. Since with the Amendment Act, there was no corresponding amendment in the Limitation Act, the issue of limitation for preferring an appeal under Section 372 of Cr PC assumes significance and becomes a matter of debate. In absence of any provision under Article 114 of the Limitation Act, what should therefore be the period of limitation? Will it be of any specific period ? Will it be on case to case basis? Appeal, interpretation: Before delving into the aforesaid issue, it cannot be lost sight of the fact that since the right of appeal is created by the edict of legislature, therefore, the courts will be loath to extrapolate the scope and ambit of such right. The courts will equally be reluctant to add any condition with such right as well. [vide Durga Shankar Mehta v. Raghuraj Singh, AIR 1954 SC 520 & M/s. Arcot Textile Mills Ltd. v. Regional Provident Fund Commissioner, AIR 2014 SC 295] Absence of limitation: It is trite law, nevertheless fundamental that in absence of any period of limitation, a provision cannot be invoked randomly at the sweet will of a litigant. Although in some statute, there may not be any prescription of period of limitation, yet the same do not connote that the power can be exercised at any time. If no period of limitation has been prescribed, statutory authority can exercise its jurisdiction within a reasonable period of time depending upon the nature of the statute, rights and liabilities conferred there under and other relevant factors. (Vide State of Punjab & Ors. v. Bhatinda District Cooperative Milk Producers Union Ltd. reported in (2007)11 SCC 363 & Joint Collector Ranga Reddy District & Anr. v. D. Narsing Rao & Ors. reported in (2015) 3 SCC 695). It was held that absence of limitation is an assurance to exercise the power with caution and in order to miscarriage justice or for violation of the provision of the Act. Length of time depends on the factual scenario in a given case. The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has not allowed the exercise of power by the statutory authority after inordinate delay. (vide State of Orissa & Ors. v. Brundaban Sharma & Anr. reported in (1995)Suppl. 3 SCC 249). Retreating the same principle the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has frowned upon a litigant who suddenly woke up after 13 years to claim their land.(vide B.S. Sheshagiri Setty & Ors. v. State of Karnataka & Ors. reported in (2016) 2 SCC 123) The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in ‘Chhedi Lal Yadav & Others Vs. Hari Kishore Yadav(D) reported in (2018) 12 SCC 527’ has held that merely because an Act is a beneficial piece of legislation and there is no corresponding period of limitation, rights accrued in favor of a party cannot be ignored lightly. The Court refused to condone inordinate and unexpected delay in filing application for restoration of land after a period of 24 years. In the aforesaid premise, it can safely be said that even in absence of any period of limitation, the litigants are not entitled to invoke the respective statuary provision waking up from slumber. In any case a litigant has to invoke a provision at a relatively reasonable period of time. Now, the crux is what would be ‘a reasonable period of time’? Will it be of a fixed tenure akin to the period engrafted under the Limitation Act or would it be adjudged on the touchstone of delay and laches? It is also too well settled that in absence of any period of limitation in one statute, limitation of another statute cannot be made applicable by way of juridical interpretation ( vide: Ishar Singh v. Financial Commissioner & Ors. reported in (1984) 4 SCC 17). The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in Bithika Mazumdar & Anr. v. Sagar Pal & Ors. reported in (2017) 2 SCC 748 set aside the judgment of the High Court on the ground that in absence of any period of limitation being prescribed by the legislature, in an application under Article 227 of the Constitution of India, the High Court could not prescribe a specific period to be the period of limitation. It has been held by the Judicial Committee that in construing the provision of limitation, the provisions of equitable consideration are out of place and strict grammatical meaning of the word is the only safe guide.(Vide; Nagendra Nath Dey & Another And Suresh Chandra Dey & Others., AIR 1932 PC 165). It is a settled position of law that the statutory provisions may cause hardship or inconvenience to a party but court has no choice but to enforce it by giving full effect to the same. It is time honoured principle that the law is hard but nevertheless it is the law. In construing a statutory provision, inconvenience is not a decisive factor. ‘A result flowing from a statutory provision is never an evil. A court has no power to ignore that provision to reveal what it consider a distress resulting from its operation’.(Vide The Martin Burn Ltd. Vs. The Corporation of Calcutta, AIR 66 SC 529). It has also been held that when there is no period of limit mentioned in a statute, delay becomes inconsequential. (Vide Jasmer Singh Vs State of Haryana & Another; (2015) 4 SCC 458) It is profitable to draw inspiration from the authoritative asseveration of the Supreme Court of India as made in Commissioner of Slaes Tax, U.P., Lucknow Vs Parson Tools And Plants, Kanpur reported in (1975) 4 SCC 22: “15. …An enactment being the will of the legislature, the paramount rule of interpretation, which overrides all others, is that a statute is to be expounded “according to the intent of them that made it”. “The will of the legislature is the supreme law of the land, and demands perfect obedience”.(See Maxwell on interpretation of Statutes, 11th Edn., pp. 1, 2 and 251.) “Judicial power is never exercised”, said Marshall C. J. of the United States, “for the purpose of giving effect to the will of the Judges : always for the purpose of giving effect to the will of the Legislature; or in other words, to the will of the law”. “16. If the legislature wilfully, omits to incorporate something of an analogous law in a subsequent statute, or even if there is a casus omissus in a statute, the language of which is otherwise plain and unambiguous, the Court is not competent to supply the omission by engrafting on it or introducing in it, under the guise of interpretation by analogy or implication, something what it thinks to be a general principle of justice and equity. “To do so” – (at p. 65 in Prem Nath L. Ganesh v. Prem Nath L. Ram Nath, AIR 1963 Punjab 62. Per Tek Chand J.) “would be entrenching upon the preserves of Legislature”, the primary function of a court of law being jus dicere and not jus dare.” In interpreting the provision under Section 28 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, even after holding the period of limitation prescribed for filing appeal under Section 28(4) of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 to be inadequate one, the Apex Court has not tinkered with the Legislative wisdom decision and only sent a recommendation to the Legislature. (vide: Savitri Pandey Vs. Prem Chandra Pandey reported in (2002) 2 SCC 73) However there is a line of judicial decision tending to articulate fixed time frame by way of interpretation in absence of any legislative interdict. Way back in 1916 the Division Bench of the Hon’ble Calcutta High Court has applied the doctrine of practice of Court to be the law of the court in interpreting the period of limitation for a revisional application in a criminal case and stipulated 60 clear days for preferring a revision petition. (Vide: Kshetra Mohon Giri & others Vs. Darpanarain Giri & Others, AIR 1917 Cal 849). When there was no period of limitation prescribed under the Limitation Act for moving an application for criminal revision under the old law, it was construed to be 60 days from the date of the order as per the law of limitation provided for an appeal.(Vide Sher Ali @ sk. Sher Ali Vs. Sk. Masud & Others, 1959 Cr L J 835) In the same line, the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in State of Punjab v. Bhatinda District Coop. Milk P. Union Ltd., (2007)11 SCC 363 has constructed a fixed tenure as the period of limitation by way of judicial interpretation. It was observed: “18. It is trite that if no period of limitation has been prescribed, statutory authority must exercise its jurisdiction within a reasonable period. What, however, shall be the reasonable period would depend upon the nature of the statute, rights and liabilities thereunder and other relevant factors.” “19. Revisional jurisdiction, in our opinion, should ordinarily be exercised within a period of three years having regard to the purport in terms of the said Act. In any event, the same should not exceed the period of five years. The view of the High Court, thus, cannot be said to be unreasonable. Reasonable period, keeping in view the discussions made hereinbefore, must be found out from the statutory scheme. As indicated hereinbefore, maximum period of limitation provided for in sub-section (6) of Section 11 of the Act is five years.” Some stray thoughts: Being vexed with the aforesaid dichotomy and regard being had to the various principles of interpretation, it becomes intriguing as to whether any specific time period can be or should be formulated as the period of limitation by a Court of law by judicial legislation in absence of any statutory formulation to that effect. Coming to the issue at hand, we cannot be unmindful of the position of law that a victim in a criminal trial is neither a necessary nor a proper party and therefore, has no right of audience (Vide Rekha Murarka v. The State of West Bengal & Another reported in 2019 (17) SCALE 76). Since a victim is stepped outside the corridor of the criminal courts during most of the time in an inquiry and/or trial (especially in Sessions Trial), saddling a victim with a fixed time frame for filing an appeal, in deserving cases, may tantamount to denial of such right. In the aforesaid anvil, delay in preferring an appeal by a victim may be addressed on the benchmark of the equitable principle of delay and laches. Besides that, in a criminal case there can be more than one victim. Even in death of the victim (that is the injured), his heir or legal guardian becomes a victim (vide Section 2(wa) Cr P C). Since more often, the injured may have more than one guardian or several legal heirs therefore, there can be more than one victim. In view of such peculiar situation, once an accused is acquitted of the charges, such victim who had never been on board when the trial was in progress, cannot be expected to wake up and to file an appeal within a stipulated period. Such an interpretation in absence of legislative wisdom decision will definitely tinker with its right to fair trial enshrined under Article 21 of Constitution of India. There is another way of looking at the issue. Limitation is an essential function of legislature. Legislature therefore, cannot abdicate its essential legislative function to an executive authority and/or judicial body. In case any specific time frame, be it of 60 days or of 90 days, is construed to be the “Laxman Rekha” for preferring an appeal by way of judicial interpretation, such interpretation may fall in the teeth of the time honoured principle that the Legislature can’t abdicate its essential legislative actions [Vide Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited v. Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation Limited & Ors. reported in (2017) 5 SCC 42]. It can further be said that since the period of limitation being a Legislative wisdom decision, it can only be stipulated by the Legislature through a legislative document. The provision of condonation of delay being an essential concomitant factor of period of limitation can only be provided by Legislature itself. In absence of any statutory prescription the power of condonation of delay can neither be invoked for principle of equity nor automatically [Vide Lachhman Das Arora Vs Ganesh Lal and Others,(1999) 8 SCC 532 and Sneh Gupta Vs Devi Sarup and Others, (2009) 6 SCC 194]. As the power to condone the delay can’t be attributed to a statutory authority by way of judicial engineering, the court cannot interpret the law in such a manner in order to read into the act an inherent power of condoning the delay by invoking section 5 of the Limitation Act so as to supplement the provision of the said act. (Vide Patel Brothers Vs State of Assam and Others reported in (2017) 2 SCC 350). It is therefore evident that once a specific period of limitation is judicially read into an Act, the power of condonation of delay has to be provided by the judiciary only by way of interpretation. Such interpretation may come into conflict with the tests mentioned hereinabove. In the aforesaid background it is therefore evident that considering a strict period of time to be a time for preferring an appeal under Section 372 Cr P C may fall foul of the jurisprudence of limitation as indicated herein above. On the other hand, ‘the reasonable period’ may depend on case to case basis on the principle of delay and laches. However, the time will tell us which of the aforesaid views is best suited to the ends of justice after balancing the conflicting interests of a victim and an accused.Views are personal only.(Author is an Advocate at Calcutta High Court) Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. 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